Articles | Volume 13, issue 1
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 13, 71–82, 2022
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 13, 71–82, 2022
Review article
22 Apr 2022
Review article | 22 Apr 2022

History of the Tromsø ionosphere heating facility

Michael T. Rietveld and Peter Stubbe

Related subject area

Research History: External Geophysics (Atmosphere, Ionosphere, Magnetosphere, Aurora)
History of EISCAT – Part 5: Operation and development of the system during the first 2 decades
Gudmund Wannberg
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 13, 1–21,,, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Belikovich, V., Benediktov, E. A., Tolmacheva, A. V., and Bakhmet'eva, N. V.: Ionospheric research by means of artificial periodic irregularities, ISBN 3-936586-03-9, Göttingen, Copernicus GmbH, 2002. 
Belikovich, V. V., Grach, S. M., Karashtin, A. N., Kotik, D. S., and Tokarev, Yu. V.: The SURA facility: study of the atmosphere and space, Radiophys. Quantum El., 50, 7, 497–526, 2007. 
Blagoveshchenskaya, N. F.: Perturbing the High-Latitude Upper Ionosphere (F Region) with Powerful HF Radio Waves: A 25-Year Collaboration with EISCAT, Radio Science Bulletin, 373, 40–55, 2020. 
Brändström, B. U. E., Leyser, T. B., Steen, Å., Rietveld, M. T., Gustavsson, B., Aso, T., and Ejiri, M.: Unambiguous evidence of HF pump-enhanced airglow at auroral latitudes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 3561–3564, 1999. 
Chilson, P. B., Belova, E., Rietveld, M. T., Kirkwood, S., and Hoppe, U.-P.: First artificially induced modulation of PMSE using the EISCAT heating facility, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 3801-3804, 2000. 
Short summary
We present the history of how and why a high-power radio wave transmitter facility with large antenna arrays was built in northern Norway in the 1970s with the aim of injecting radio waves into the auroral ionosphere. The facility has conducted fundamental research on plasmas, by heating electrons and exciting plasma waves in the ionosphere; the effects of these experiments have been measured using a host of other instruments, such as incoherent scatter radars, radio receivers, and cameras.