Articles | Volume 13, issue 1
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 13, 71–82, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-13-71-2022
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 13, 71–82, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-13-71-2022
Review article
22 Apr 2022
Review article | 22 Apr 2022

History of the Tromsø ionosphere heating facility

Michael T. Rietveld and Peter Stubbe

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Short summary
We present the history of how and why a high-power radio wave transmitter facility with large antenna arrays was built in northern Norway in the 1970s with the aim of injecting radio waves into the auroral ionosphere. The facility has conducted fundamental research on plasmas, by heating electrons and exciting plasma waves in the ionosphere; the effects of these experiments have been measured using a host of other instruments, such as incoherent scatter radars, radio receivers, and cameras.