Articles | Volume 13, issue 1
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 13, 71–82, 2022
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 13, 71–82, 2022
Review article
22 Apr 2022
Review article | 22 Apr 2022

History of the Tromsø ionosphere heating facility

Michael T. Rietveld and Peter Stubbe


Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Review of History of the Tromsø Ionosphere Heating facility', Anonymous Referee #1, 08 Dec 2021
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Michael Rietveld, 01 Feb 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on hgss-2021-19', Anonymous Referee #2, 28 Dec 2021
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Michael Rietveld, 01 Feb 2022

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (24 Feb 2022) by Kristian Schlegel
AR by Michael Rietveld on behalf of the Authors (03 Mar 2022)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes    Manuscript
ED: Publish as is (05 Mar 2022) by Kristian Schlegel
Short summary
We present the history of how and why a high-power radio wave transmitter facility with large antenna arrays was built in northern Norway in the 1970s with the aim of injecting radio waves into the auroral ionosphere. The facility has conducted fundamental research on plasmas, by heating electrons and exciting plasma waves in the ionosphere; the effects of these experiments have been measured using a host of other instruments, such as incoherent scatter radars, radio receivers, and cameras.