Articles | Volume 13, issue 2
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 13, 171–204, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-13-171-2022
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 13, 171–204, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-13-171-2022
Article
22 Sep 2022
Article | 22 Sep 2022

HMS Challenger and SMS Gazelle – their 19th century voyages compared

W. John Gould

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Interactive discussion

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on hgss-2022-7', B. Owens, 29 Jul 2022
    • AC3: 'Final response to RC1', W John Gould, 23 Aug 2022
  • RC2: 'Comment on hgss-2022-7', Tony Rice, 01 Aug 2022
    • AC2: 'Final response to RC2', W John Gould, 23 Aug 2022
  • AC1: 'Author response to referee comments', W John Gould, 16 Aug 2022

Peer review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (review by editor) (23 Aug 2022) by Kevin Hamilton
AR by W John Gould on behalf of the Authors (31 Aug 2022)  Author's response    Author's tracked changes
ED: Publish as is (02 Sep 2022) by Kevin Hamilton
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Short summary
The paper compares the historical context, organization, personnel, conduct, and scientific innovation of the voyages of HMS Challenger (1872–6) and SMS Gazelle (1874–6). Though the expeditions were in many regards similar, the Challenger expedition became famous and is regarded as marking the start of global marine science, while the Gazelle voyage remains almost unknown. Why? A surprising factor may be what we now know as "health and safety" issues.