Articles | Volume 13, issue 1
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 13, 23–37, 2022
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 13, 23–37, 2022
Review article
30 Mar 2022
Review article | 30 Mar 2022

Pioneers of the ice age models: a brief history from Agassiz to Milankovitch

M. Efe Ateş

Related subject area

Research History: Geology
Cycles in Earth Sciences, Quo Vadis? Essay on Cyclicity Concepts in Geological Thinking and their Historical Influence on Stratigraphic Practices
Daniel Galvão Carnier Fragoso, Matheus Kuchenbecker, Antônio Jorge Campos Magalhães, Claiton Marlon Dos Santos Scherer, Guilherme Pederneiras Raja Gabaglia, and André Strasser
Hist. Geo Space. Sci. Discuss.,,, 2021
Revised manuscript accepted for HGSS
Short summary
The bicentenary of Georg Hartung, a German pioneer geologist, explorer, and illustrator
Carlos A. Góis-Marques, Miguel Menezes de Sequeira, and José Madeira
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 12, 217–223,,, 2021
Short summary

Cited articles

Adhémar, J. A.: Révolutions de la mer, Carilian–Goeury et V. Dalmont, Paris, 1842. 
Agassiz, L.: On the Erratic Blocks of the Jura, The Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, XXIV (October 1837–April 1838), 176–179, 1838. 
Agassiz, L.: Early Discoverers III A Letter from Agassiz on Glaciation, J. Glaciol., 1, 294,, 1871/1949. 
Agassiz, E. C.: Louis Agassiz. His Life and Correspondence, Vol. I &II, Mifflin & Company, Houghton, Boston, 1886. 
Andersen, B. G.: Jens Esmark – a pioneer in glacial geology, Boreas, 21, 97–102,, 1992. 
Short summary
In this article, I trace the history of the models of ice ages during the period between the nineteenth and twentieth century. Some previous versions of ice age models were briefly discussed. I present a bird’s-eye view of the scientific collaboration in developing a model and of the reasons behind the success of the Milankovitch model as well.