Articles | Volume 12, issue 1
Review article
07 Apr 2021
Review article |  | 07 Apr 2021

The formation of ionospheric physics – confluence of traditions and threads of continuity

Aitor Anduaga
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Short summary
This paper examines how ionospheric physics emerged as a research speciality in Britain, Germany, and the United States in the first 4 decades of the 20th century. It argues that the formation of this discipline can be viewed as the confluence of four deep-rooted traditions in which scientists and engineers transformed, from within, research areas connected to radio wave propagation and geomagnetism.