Articles | Volume 14, issue 1
27 Jan 2023
Article |  | 27 Jan 2023

Understanding the drift of Shackleton's Endurance during its last days before it sank in November 1915, using meteorological reanalysis data

Marc de Vos, Panagiotis Kountouris, Lasse Rabenstein, John Shears, Mira Suhrhoff, and Christian Katlein

Related authors

Development of a diffuse reflectance probe for in situ measurement of inherent optical properties in sea ice
Christophe Perron, Christian Katlein, Simon Lambert-Girard, Edouard Leymarie, Louis-Philippe Guinard, Pierre Marquet, and Marcel Babin
The Cryosphere, 15, 4483–4500,,, 2021
Short summary
MOSAiC drift expedition from October 2019 to July 2020: sea ice conditions from space and comparison with previous years
Thomas Krumpen, Luisa von Albedyll, Helge F. Goessling, Stefan Hendricks, Bennet Juhls, Gunnar Spreen, Sascha Willmes, H. Jakob Belter, Klaus Dethloff, Christian Haas, Lars Kaleschke, Christian Katlein, Xiangshan Tian-Kunze, Robert Ricker, Philip Rostosky, Janna Rückert, Suman Singha, and Julia Sokolova
The Cryosphere, 15, 3897–3920,,, 2021
Short summary
New insights into radiative transfer within sea ice derived from autonomous optical propagation measurements
Christian Katlein, Lovro Valcic, Simon Lambert-Girard, and Mario Hoppmann
The Cryosphere, 15, 183–198,,, 2021
Short summary
The MOSAiC ice floe: sediment-laden survivor from the Siberian shelf
Thomas Krumpen, Florent Birrien, Frank Kauker, Thomas Rackow, Luisa von Albedyll, Michael Angelopoulos, H. Jakob Belter, Vladimir Bessonov, Ellen Damm, Klaus Dethloff, Jari Haapala, Christian Haas, Carolynn Harris, Stefan Hendricks, Jens Hoelemann, Mario Hoppmann, Lars Kaleschke, Michael Karcher, Nikolai Kolabutin, Ruibo Lei, Josefine Lenz, Anne Morgenstern, Marcel Nicolaus, Uwe Nixdorf, Tomash Petrovsky, Benjamin Rabe, Lasse Rabenstein, Markus Rex, Robert Ricker, Jan Rohde, Egor Shimanchuk, Suman Singha, Vasily Smolyanitsky, Vladimir Sokolov, Tim Stanton, Anna Timofeeva, Michel Tsamados, and Daniel Watkins
The Cryosphere, 14, 2173–2187,,, 2020
Short summary
New observations of the distribution, morphology and dissolution dynamics of cryogenic gypsum in the Arctic Ocean
Jutta E. Wollenburg, Morten Iversen, Christian Katlein, Thomas Krumpen, Marcel Nicolaus, Giulia Castellani, Ilka Peeken, and Hauke Flores
The Cryosphere, 14, 1795–1808,,, 2020
Short summary

Related subject area

Research History: Marine Sciences
HMS Challenger and SMS Gazelle – their 19th century voyages compared
W. John Gould
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 13, 171–204,,, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Bergman, L. and Stuart, R.: Navigation of the Shackleton Expedition on the Weddell Sea pack ice, Records of the Canterbury Museum, 32, 67–98, 2018a. 
Bergman, L. and Stuart, R. G.: On the Location of Shackleton's Vessel Endurance, J. Navigation, 72, 307–320,, 2018b. 
Cole, S. T., Timmermans, M. L., Toole, J. M., Krishfield, R. A., and Thwaites, F. T.: Ekman veering, internal waves, and turbulence observed under arctic sea ice, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 44, 1306–1328,, 2014. 
Doble, M. J. and Wadhams, P.: Dynamical contrasts between pancake and pack ice, investigated with a drifting buoy array, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 111, C11S24,, 2006. 
Dowdeswell, J. A., Batchelor, C. L., Dorschel, B., Benham, T. J., Christie, F. D. W., Dowdeswell, E. K., Montelli, A., Arndt, J. E., and Gebhardt, C.: Sea-floor and sea-ice conditions in the western Weddell Sea, Antarctica, around the wreck of Sir Ernest Shackleton's Endurance, Antarct. Sci., 32, 301–313,, 2020. 
Short summary
Poor visibility on the 3 d prior to the sinking of Sir Ernest Shackleton’s vessel, Endurance, during November 1915, hampered navigator Frank Worsley’s attempts to record its position. Thus, whilst the wreck was located in the Weddell Sea in March 2022, the drift path of Endurance during its final 3 d at the surface remained unknown. We used data from a modern meteorological model to reconstruct possible trajectories for this unknown portion of Endurance’s journey.