Articles | Volume 12, issue 1
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 12, 21–41, 2021

Special issue: History of geophysical institutes and observatories

Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 12, 21–41, 2021

Review article 03 Feb 2021

Review article | 03 Feb 2021

The development of geophysics in the early period of the People's Republic of China based on the Institute of Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (1950–1966)

Zhihui Zhang and Rui Wang

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Short summary
From the perspective of the social history of science and transnational history, this paper reviews the development of the Institute of Geophysics at the Chinese Academy of Sciences (IGCAS). The scientific development of IGCAS and typical examples in several branches of geophysics, which include atmospheric science, seismology, and space physics, are summarized. The experience and lessons in the development of this institute and its effect on geophysics in China are explored.