Articles | Volume 9, issue 2
12 Oct 2018
12 Oct 2018
The Great Aurora of January 1770 observed in Spain
Víctor M. S. Carrasco et al.
No articles found.
Hisashi Hayakawa, José M. Vaquero, and Yusuke Ebihara
Ann. Geophys., 36, 1153–1160,Short summary
A record has been found of an "aurora" observed on 27 October 1856 in the Philippines, practically at the magnetic equator. An analysis of this report indicates that it could belong to a "sporadic aurora" because of low magnetic activity at that time. We provide a possible physical mechanism that could explain the appearance of this sporadic, low-latitude aurora, according to the analyses on the observational report and magnetic observations at that time.
José M. Vaquero
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 8, 53–56,Short summary
An analysis is given of the account of a
globe of fireobserved in Zafra (Spain) in the middle of the 16th century. During a strong storm, Conde Don Pedro observed what he described as a
globe of firethat was directed against the city and abruptly changed course. He attributed the change in course to a miracle. He described neither any damage nor sound.
S. Pereira, A. M. Ramos, J. L. Zêzere, R. M. Trigo, and J. M. Vaquero
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 371–390,Short summary
This work explores the meteorological conditions of the hydro-geomorphologic event of December 1909 that triggered the highest floods in more than 100 years at the Douro river's mouth and caused important social impacts over the Portuguese and Spanish territories. The study of this extreme event contributes to a comprehensive and systematic synoptic evaluation of the second most deadly hydro-geomorphologic disaster event occurred in Portugal since 1865.
An analysis is made of the records made by Spanish observers of a notable aurora on 18 January 1770 in order to study the characteristics of this event. The records indicate that the phenomenon was observed in both continental and insular territories of Spain. In general, observers described the aurora as red in colour, from sunset to midnight. Calculations of the geomagnetic latitudes of the observation locations indicate this aurora was observed over a wide range of abnormally low latitudes.
An analysis is made of the records made by Spanish observers of a notable aurora on 18 January...