Articles | Volume 14, issue 1
04 Apr 2023
Article |  | 04 Apr 2023

Historical geomagnetic observations from Prague observatory (since 1839) and their contribution to geomagnetic research

Pavel Hejda, Fridrich Valach, and Miloš Revallo

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Cited articles

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Gauss, C. F.: Ueber ein neues, zunächst zur unmittelbaren Beobachtung der Veränderungen in der Intensität des horizontalen Theils des Erdmagnetismus bestimmtes Instrument [About a new instrument, first intended for the direct observation of the changes in the intensity of the horizontal part of the terrestrial magnetism], in: Resultate aus den Beobachtungen des magnetischen Vereins im Jahre 1837 [Results from the observations of the Magnetic Union in the year 1837], edited by: Gaus, C. F.s and Weber, W., Verlage der Dieterichschen Buchhandlung, Göttingen, 1–19, 1838. a
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Short summary
Historical observations are important, even for modern science (such as space research). The Clementinum in Prague was one of the first observatories where systematic measurements of the geomagnetic field commenced. We focus on the beginning of these Prague measurements, which were introduced by Karl Kreil in 1839. We describe archived data from that time, some details about the main instrument for observing magnetic storms and the first magnetic mapping in Bohemia.