Articles | Volume 12, issue 2
Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 12, 115–130, 2021

Special issue: History of geophysical institutes and observatories

Hist. Geo Space. Sci., 12, 115–130, 2021

Tribute 05 Aug 2021

Tribute | 05 Aug 2021

The Geophysical Observatory in Sodankylä, Finland – past and present

Tilmann Bösinger

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Short summary
This paper is a paraphrased summary of the book published in Finnish on the 100th anniversary of the Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory in 2013 (edited by Heikki Nevanlinna, 2017). The history of the Geophysical Observatory in Sodankylä (SGO) is described by the personalities who have run it and have shaped the observatory. Thereafter, we describe the history from a technical point of view, i.e., what the measurements were and which instruments were primarily used at the observatory.