Articles | Volume 11, issue 2
Review article
18 Aug 2020
Review article |  | 18 Aug 2020

Physical earth and its sciences in Istanbul: a journey from pre-modern (Islamic) to modern times

Ferhat Ozcep

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Geophysical and geotechnical factors in urban planing: Bursa (Nilüfer, Osmangazi, and Yildirim) cases
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Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss.,,, 2020
Preprint withdrawn
Notes on the history of geophysics in the Ottoman Empire
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Short summary
Researching, compiling and analysing geophysical ideas and measurements in historical periods will contribute to the historical development of earth science. Also, this is important for geophysicists working on time-dependent (historical) data and revealing the physical properties of the earth. This paper focuses on the earth and its sciences (with concepts, ideas and measurements) in classical Islamic science in the Ottoman Empire and the evolution of these thoughts and concepts.