Articles | Volume 11, issue 2
22 Jul 2020
 | 22 Jul 2020

How the Liverpool Tidal Institute was established: industry, navy and academia

Anna Carlsson-Hyslop
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Short summary
This paper outlines the establishment of the Liverpool Tidal Institute in 1919. There is a particular focus on early patrons and supporters, in the context of both previous tidal research on the accuracy of predictions and debates about the involvement of state actors in science at the end of the First World War. It shows that industrial support was crucial to the early tidal institute, which adds to debates about patronage in the history of modern physical oceanography in Britain and beyond.