Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-2022-15
https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-2022-15
29 Jun 2023
 | 29 Jun 2023
Status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal HGSS.

A New Propose for Prehistoric Tritonis Lake’s Location based on Apollonius of Rhodes’ description

Stavros Papamarinopoulos, Panagiota Preka-Papadema, Konstantinos Kalachanis, Habik-Hasak Maroukian, Georgios Saraditis, Dimitrios Theodosopoulos, and Chris Tzanis

Abstract. The Argonauts’ trip along the northern limit of the Libyan Desert, from Syrtis Gulf to Tritonis Lake, is described by Apollonius Rhodes’ text ‘Argonautica’. The Argonauts sailed in this lake and located a narrow passage through which they exit to the Mediterranean’s coast. In this work, we followed the ancient text carefully, step by step, in order to find the ‘unknown’ location of pre-historic Tritonis Lake. All the steps of the trip were tested trans-scientifically and found correct in many aspects. Today’s many wadis, sabkhas and oasis, which cover the northern part of the Libyan Desert, are the remnants of numerous older rivers or lakes existing there in the 13th century BC, when the Argonautic Campaign happened. The current lakes of the Siwa Oasis were part of the Tritonis Lake, which was extended to the east and covered a large part of today’s Qattara Depression. Using modern technology, we found the narrow water passage which led the Argonauts from the Tritonis Lake to the Mediterranean Sea, near El Alamein’s coast. From there, Argo sailed eastwards parallel to the African coast till a promontory, according to Apollonius. This is the Abu Qir Cape in the Canopis Nile Delta. From there, the ship reached eastern Crete, since the sailors had previously seen the mountains of Karpathos Island, as Apollonius notes.

Publisher's note: Copernicus Publications remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims made in the text, published maps, institutional affiliations, or any other geographical representation in this preprint. The responsibility to include appropriate place names lies with the authors.
Stavros Papamarinopoulos, Panagiota Preka-Papadema, Konstantinos Kalachanis, Habik-Hasak Maroukian, Georgios Saraditis, Dimitrios Theodosopoulos, and Chris Tzanis

Status: open (extended)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on hgss-2022-15', Tom Beer, 03 Jul 2023 reply
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Konstantinos Kalachanis, 05 Jul 2023 reply
      • RC2: 'Reply on AC1', Tom Beer, 09 Jul 2023 reply
  • CC1: 'Comment on hgss-2022-15', Richard Cathcart, 15 Aug 2023 reply
    • AC5: 'Reply on CC1', Konstantinos Kalachanis, 16 Aug 2023 reply
  • CC2: 'Comment on hgss-2022-15', Niki Evelpidou, 31 Aug 2023 reply
  • CC3: 'Comment on hgss-2022-15', Niki Evelpidou, 31 Aug 2023 reply
    • AC6: 'Reply on CC3', Konstantinos Kalachanis, 01 Sep 2023 reply
  • CC4: 'Comment on hgss-2022-15', Richard Cathcart, 01 Sep 2023 reply
  • CC5: 'Comment on hgss-2022-15', Richard Cathcart, 02 Sep 2023 reply
    • AC7: 'Reply on CC5', Konstantinos Kalachanis, 03 Sep 2023 reply
      • CC6: 'Reply on AC7', Richard Cathcart, 03 Sep 2023 reply
    • AC8: 'Reply on CC5', Konstantinos Kalachanis, 05 Sep 2023 reply
  • CC7: 'Comment on hgss-2022-15', Niki Evelpidou, 05 Sep 2023 reply
  • AC9: 'Comment on hgss-2022-15', Konstantinos Kalachanis, 27 Jan 2024 reply
  • AC10: 'Comment on hgss-2022-15', Konstantinos Kalachanis, 27 Jan 2024 reply
    • RC4: 'Reply on AC10', Tom Beer, 28 Jan 2024 reply
      • AC11: 'Reply on RC4', Konstantinos Kalachanis, 28 Jan 2024 reply
        • RC5: 'Reply on AC11', Tom Beer, 30 Jan 2024 reply
        • CC8: 'Reply on AC11', Niki Evelpidou, 02 Feb 2024 reply
      • CC9: 'Reply on RC4', Niki Evelpidou, 09 Feb 2024 reply
Stavros Papamarinopoulos, Panagiota Preka-Papadema, Konstantinos Kalachanis, Habik-Hasak Maroukian, Georgios Saraditis, Dimitrios Theodosopoulos, and Chris Tzanis
Stavros Papamarinopoulos, Panagiota Preka-Papadema, Konstantinos Kalachanis, Habik-Hasak Maroukian, Georgios Saraditis, Dimitrios Theodosopoulos, and Chris Tzanis

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Short summary
The Argonauts’ trip along the northern limit of the Libyan Desert, from Syrtis Gulf to Tritonis Lake, is described by Apollonius Rhodes’ text ‘Argonautica’. The Argonauts sailed in this lake and located a narrow passage through which they exit to the Mediterranean’s coast.