Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-2021-19
https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-2021-19

  16 Nov 2021

16 Nov 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal HGSS.

History of the Tromsø Ionosphere Heating facility

Michael T. Rietveld1,2 and Peter Stubbe3 Michael T. Rietveld and Peter Stubbe
  • 1retired from EISCAT Scientific Association, Ramfjordmoen, 9027 Ramfjordbotn, Norway
  • 2retired from Institute for Physics and Technology, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, 9037 Tromsø, Norway
  • 3retired from Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany

Abstract. We present the historical background to the construction of a major ionospheric heating facility near Tromsø, Norway in the 1970s by the Max Planck Institute for Aeronomy and the subsequent operational history to the present. It was built next to the EISCAT incoherent scatter radar facility and in a region with a multitude of diagnostic instruments used to study the auroral region. The facility was transferred to the EISCAT Scientific Association in January 1993 and continues to provide new discoveries in plasma physics and ionospheric and atmospheric science to this day. It is expected that ‘Heating’ will continue operating together with the new generation of incoherent scatter radar, called EISCAT_3D, when it is commissioned in the near future.

Michael T. Rietveld and Peter Stubbe

Status: open (until 11 Jan 2022)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse

Michael T. Rietveld and Peter Stubbe

Michael T. Rietveld and Peter Stubbe

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Short summary
We present the history of why and how a high power radio wave transmitter facility with large antenna arrays which was built in the 1970s in northern Norway to inject radio waves into the auroral ionosphere. The aim was to conduct fundamental research on plasmas, by heating electrons and exciting plasma waves in the ionosphere whereby the effects were measured using a host of other instruments such as incoherent scatter radars, radio receivers and cameras.