22 Apr 2024
 | 22 Apr 2024
Status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal HGSS.

History of the Potsdam, Seddin and Niemegk Geomagnetic Observatories – Part 3: Niemegk

Hans-Joachim Linthe

Abstract. The measurement series of the 3 geomagnetic observatories Potsdam, Seddin and Niemegk span over 130 years, starting in 1890. It is one of the longest, almost uninterrupted series of recordings of the Earth’s magnetic field. Data users frequently emphasize the high quality of the data and its significance for geomagnetic base research. Very well-known outstanding geomagnetism scientists as Max Eschenhagen, Adolf Schmidt, Julius Bartels, Gerhard Fanselau and Horst Wiese directed the observatories during their existence. This paper describes the history of the Niemegk Adolf Schmidt Observatory, which was started in 1932 and is currently further in operation.

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Hans-Joachim Linthe

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on hgss-2024-2', Anonymous Referee #1, 19 May 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on hgss-2024-2', Anonymous Referee #2, 21 May 2024
  • EC1: 'Comment on hgss-2024-2', Kristian Schlegel, 28 Jun 2024
Hans-Joachim Linthe
Hans-Joachim Linthe


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Short summary
1. The DC powered service of the Berlin suburban railways disturbed the observations in Potsdam and Seddin. 2. A suitable location for the establishment of a new observatory was found near by the small town of Niemegk. 3. The “Adolf-Schmidt-Observatorium für Erdmagnetismus Niemegk” was officially opened on 23 July 1930, Adolf Schmidt’s 70th. 4. The observations started on 1 January 1932. 5. The Niemegk measurement series span over 92 years only interrupted at the end of World War II.