06 Dec 2022
06 Dec 2022
Status: a revised version of this preprint is currently under review for the journal HGSS.

History of the Potsdam, Seddin and Niemegk Geomagnetic Observatories – First Part: Potsdam

Hans-Joachim Linthe Hans-Joachim Linthe
  • Helmholtz Centre Potsdam GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany

Abstract. The measurement series of the 3 geomagnetic observatories Potsdam, Seddin and Niemegk span over more than 130 years, starting in 1890. It is one of the longest, almost uninterrupted series of recordings of the Earth’s magnetic field. Data users frequently emphasize the high quality of the data and its significance for geomagnetic base research. Very well-known outstanding geomagnetism scientists as Max Eschenhagen, Adolf Schmidt, Julius Bartels, Gerhard Fanselau and Horst Wiese directed the observatories during their existence. This paper describes the history of the Potsdam Observatory, which was in operation from 1890 until 1928.

Hans-Joachim Linthe

Status: final response (author comments only)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on hgss-2022-14', Anonymous Referee #1, 21 Dec 2022
    • AC1: 'Reply on RC1', Hans-Joachim Linthe, 16 Jan 2023
  • RC2: 'Comment on hgss-2022-14', Anonymous Referee #2, 16 Jan 2023
    • AC2: 'Reply on RC2', Hans-Joachim Linthe, 16 Jan 2023

Hans-Joachim Linthe

Hans-Joachim Linthe


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Short summary
Gauß, Weber und Humboldt initiated the systematic observation of the Earth’s magnetic field in Germany. The first geomagnetic observatories were installed in Munich, Berlin and Wilhelmshaven. The Potsdam Magnetic Observatory was officially opened on 1 January 1890. Due to anthropogenic disturbances a sub-observatory was installed in 1907 at the village of Seddin. The launch of the DC powered service of the Berlin suburban railway system in 1928 terminated the observations in Potsdam.