Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-2021-17
https://doi.org/10.5194/hgss-2021-17

  02 Nov 2021

02 Nov 2021

Review status: this preprint is currently under review for the journal HGSS.

Pioneers of the Ice Age Models: A Brief History from Agassiz to Milankovitch

Mustafa Efe Ates Mustafa Efe Ates
  • Department of Philosophy, Mugla S. K. University, Mugla, 48000, Turkey

Abstract. It is currently known that astronomical factors trigger the emergence of glacial and interglacial periods. However, nearly two centuries ago, the overall situation was not as apparent as it was with today’s scientists. In this article, I briefly discuss the astronomical model of ice ages put forward between the 19th and 20th centuries. This century was indeed annus mirabilis for scientists to understand the ice age phenomenon. Agassiz, Adhémar and Croll laid the foundation stones for understanding the dynamics of ice ages. But it was Milankovitch who combined empirical geology with mathematical astronomy. To put specifically, he identified the shortcomings of the preceding ice age models and modified his model accordingly. In what follows, I review former approaches to the ice age problem and show how they failed to meet their objectives. Next, I show how Milankovitch’s model managed to capture all sufficient astronomical elements. Last sections focus on Milutin Milankovitch’s genuine approach, including his accomplishment of tackling the problem mathematically.

Mustafa Efe Ates

Status: open (until 10 Jan 2022)

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse

Mustafa Efe Ates

Mustafa Efe Ates

Viewed

Total article views: 137 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
88 37 12 137 0 0
  • HTML: 88
  • PDF: 37
  • XML: 12
  • Total: 137
  • BibTeX: 0
  • EndNote: 0
Views and downloads (calculated since 02 Nov 2021)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 02 Nov 2021)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 129 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 129 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 
Latest update: 28 Nov 2021
Download
Short summary
In this chapter, I discuss the Milankovitch model of ice ages that proposed at the beginnings of twentieth century which is constructed to explain glacial and interglacial periods within the major ice ages. Some previous versions of ice age models were briefly discussed. I presented a bird’s eye view of the scientific collaboration in developing a model; and of the reasons behind the success of the Milankovitch model as well.